Habitat Characteristics and Coconut Trees
Coconut trees have a single trunk or sometimes branched. Root fibers, not thin and woody, clustered to form tubers, adaptive to the sandy beach. Jointed rod when it is old but not too visible, distinctive types of monocot with vessels spread (not concentric), woody. The wood is used for building poorly. The leaves are pinnate pertulangan single leaf, leaf bertoreh so deep that looks like a compound leaf. The flowers are arranged on the circuit compound protected by bractea; no male flowers and female, monoecious, the female flowers are at the base of the bouquet, but the male flowers are far from the base section.
The fruit is large, diameter 10 cm to 20 cm or more can, yellow, green, or brown; fruit mesocarp is composed of fibers that form berlignin, referred coir, making protection endokarp harsh side (called the shell) and water-resistant; endokarp make seed protection only covered by a membrane that sticks in endokarp. Endospermium a liquid that contains many enzymes, as well as the solid phase deposited on the walls of his endokarp along with more fruit; small embryos and newly enlarged when the fruit is ready to germinate (referred Kentos).
Natural coconut tree grow on the beach and reach a height of 30 m. This palm plant beginning comes from the Indian Ocean coast, but is now spread over all tropical places. This plant can grow to a height of 1. 000 m above sea level, but in conjunction with increasing altitude, it can be a natural slowdown in growth.
Benefits and Oil Content
Coconut is a multipurpose tree for the tropical community. Almost all parts can be enabled. Coconut roots have inspired the invention of the building or the usual buffer technology known as chicken scratch (eg at Soekarno Hatta) by sedijatmo.
Wood from coconut trunk, or what we call glugu wood, used as a wood man with medium quality, and can be used as a board for the home.
The leaves are used as the roof of the house after being dried. Young leaves of coconut, coconut is used as an ingredient in the manufacture of woven diamond or diverse form of decoration is very attractive, especially by the people of Java and Bali in a variety of ceremonies, and embodied in the craft with its own stand (art of leaf). Leaf stalks child that has been dried, we call a stick, gathered together to be used as a broom.
Bunches of flowers young coconut, or the so-called Virgin (actually the common name for the whole palm flower) or manggar in the Java language, used for decoration in the wedding ceremony with a specific emblem. Mayang by the Java-Mataraman used as a substitute in the manufacture of warm gori and the result is called the warm manggar. Female flowers or young fruit, referred bluluk in the Java language, can be eaten. In addition to the sweet liquid that comes out of the flower stalk, is (water) juice or legend (in Javanese), can be taken as a refresher or so fermented wine. Coconut sugar can also be made from the sap.
Coconut fruit is a very valuable part of the economy. Coir, from the mesocarp shaped coarse fibers can to be sold and used as a furnace fuel, filler seat, webbing straps, mat, or can be used as a growing medium for orchids. Shell or shell, which actually is part endokarp, used as furnace fuel (in the Java language called pawon), replacement bailer, beverage containers, as well as a variety of craft materials.
Coconut endosperm liquid and sediment stuck in the wall of the shell (coconut meat) is a popular source of refreshment. Young fruit flesh is white and soft and served as regular coconut ice or ice degan. This fluid contains a variety of enzymes and have the benefit of neutralizing toxins as well as refresher or sedative effects.
Most coconut mutated to sediment is not attached to the wall of the shell, but mixed with the liquid endosperm. These mutations commonly called (coconut) kopyor. Old coconut fruit flesh is white and harden. The juice is squeezed and fluid milk named. The old fruit pulp can also be taken and dried and so economically valuable trade commodity, or the so-called copra. Copra is the raw material of palm oil and its derivatives. (see also: pakan burung cendet)
Liquids are generally not so old fruit beverages and materials into industrial waste copra. However, this fluid can be used again to be a jelly-like material that is commonly called nata de coco as well as a mixture of beverages. Coconut meat can also be used as an addition to the aroma of cooking meat and can be used as a hair loss drug and easily broken.